Concrete by reinforcement
Concrete is a relatively brittle material that is strong in compression but less so in tension.
To increase its overall strength, steel rods, wires, mesh or cables may be embedded in concrete before it sets. This reinforcement, often known as rebar, resists tensile forces. By forming a strong bond, the two materials are able to resist a variety of applied forces, effectively acting as a single structural element .
In this case, the concrete can be made by mixing the components directly on site, or it may be transported from a production plant in concrete-mixer trucks.
This method has the disadvantage of leaving the concrete exposed to the elements while it is setting. Whereas, with other methods, the environmental conditions can be controlled during setting, providing greater control over the outcome, with cast-in-place concrete a series of tests and protocols are necessary to verify its final strength.
- textured walls
- wooden formwork finish
- stamped concrete
- exposed aggregate concrete, colored concrete, etc.
Beams are the horizontal load-bearing elements of the frame. Columns are the vertical elements of the frame and act as the building’s primary load-bearing element. They transmit the beam loads down to the foundations.
Trussed beams are the cheapest solution for the execution of large spans, in other words, when there are large distances between vertical supports. In reality, this type of beam is a kind of lattice, made up of a series of shorter braces (posts and struts).
Trussed beams are usually made of steel or wood, since some of the elements of the structure will be subject to compression and others to traction. As such, it is unusual for structures of this type to be built only with concrete. Using a combination of concrete for compression and steel to absorb traction results in better structural performance.
State of Conservation
The island of Krk, where the Haluduvo Palace Hotel is located, is the second largest in the Adriatic Sea. Its easy access, by a bridge that links it to the mainland, makes it a favorite holiday destination for the inhabitants of the capital, Zagreb. The island is home to several mass tourism complexes, but none are as extravagant and luxurious as the Haludovo Palace.
In the 1960s and 1970s, foreign investment in leisure complexes was common in Eastern Europe. Yugoslavia, with its Adriatic coastline, and as one of the most open countries in the Socialist Bloc, was home to various tourism developments funded by international capital. This situation was furthered by the elimination of the visa requirement in 1967 and the promotion of gambling licenses and foreigners-only casinos. These advantages, along with the atmosphere and the weather on the Adriatic, attracted the founder of Penthouse magazine, Bob Guccione, who invested $45 million in the expansion and renovation of a recently opened luxury hotel to incorporate a casino. The result was a disaster: the endless parties driven by extravagance and excess left the casino bankrupt after just a year. It was the beginning of a long and erratic journey to the total abandonment of the complex and its current state of dilapidation.
The incredibly expressive architecture combines the monumentality of Eastern Bloc countries with an image that evokes a certain space-age futurism. A huge lobby, lavishly decorated, and a series of indoor and outdoor pools make up the heart of the project: large flat cantilevered beams, simulating large trampolines, cover the indoor pools and stretch above the exteriors, which has outdoor spaces for parties and events covered with large reinforced concrete pergolas.
Krk island, Primorje-Gorski Kotar (county) 51511 Malinska, Dubašnica
Fundación DOCOMOMO Ibérico